Wednesday, 30 November 2016



(Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University CODE-810)

Approved by AICTE, Ministry of HRD, Government of India and affiliated to Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Uttar Pradesh, 

1.       Answer Sheet will have 32 pages and no supplementary answer sheet shall be issued. Student can use the back cover page for the answer.
2.       Enter your roll number carefully on the answer sheet
3.       Leave two-line space after completion of answer of each question .
4.       Carrying Mobile / Programmable Calculator is strictly prohibited. However, use of scientific calculator is permitted.
5.       The doors shall be opened for half an hour for first day and 15 minutes on successive days before the schedule time. No student will be allowed to enter after half an hour to the examination hall.
6.       Student must write “The End” at the end of the last answer in their respective answer sheet .
7.       No student should leave blank pages between the answers of two questions, if the page is inadvertently left,  ‘PTO’ must be written on that page for the guidance of the examiner.
8.       Students are not allowed to leave exam hall without submitting the answer sheet to the room invigilator. 
9.       Students are not allowed to write their roll number, name, enrollment number or make any sign or mark inside their answer sheet. Any breach of this instruction is liable to be penalized under UFM rules of the university. 
10.   Students are not allowed to bring any text book or notes inside exam hall
11.   In case of lost of original admit card, student must submit an application to the concern department to issue duplicate admit card.
12.   Students are not allowed to leave exam hall within first hour and last hour of the commencement of examination.
13.   Students are required to answer questions in English language only.
14.   Write your question number clearly in the left margin of answer sheet .
15.   Students are advised to count the number of pages in the answer sheet. In case of less/more pages, inform your room invigilator immediately.

Tuesday, 29 November 2016

What to Expect in the First Interview?

(Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University CODE-810)

Approved by AICTE, Ministry of HRD, Government of India and affiliated to Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Uttar Pradesh, 

What Will They Ask Me? 

Interviews in general will cover three areas:

1) Your life, skills, experience, qualifications;
2) The job you are applying for;
3) The company. Review your CV prior to the interview and know it backwards and forwards. Do not assume that the interviewer has read it carefully. You should have remembered to bring extra copies with you so while you wait for your turn to interview, read it again

Your Life 

•Employers are most interested in your personal contributions, motivation and lessons learnt.
•Typical questions: –Why should we employ you? –What can you do for us that other candidates cannot? –What makes you the right person for this job?
•The point of these questions is “Sell me!

The Job You’re Applying For

•Find out why this job is important for the business. 
•Use the Employer Concerns Worksheet to try to discover what the employer’s concerns are. 
•Learn what the career ladder looks like within the organization. 
•Typical questions: –Why do you want this job? –How do your skills make you the right person for this job? •Study the job description. You need to know how your skills and experience make you a good candidate. 

The organization you hope will employ you

•When asked “why do you want to work for this organization never state the obvious. This is your chance to impress the interviewer with your research. Mention presentations, brochures or a news article you found about the organization. This question should never be hard to answer.
•Similar questions:
–Why are you applying to us?
–What appeals to you about this company?
–What do you know about our industry?

How to get rejected?

Negative factors and comments evaluated during employment interviews, frequently leading to rejection (as reported by research):
 Poor personal appearance.
 Overbearing
 Inability to express self clearly-poor voice diction, grammar.
 Failure to research the company.
 Lack of planning for career, no purpose, and unable to express goals.
 Lack of interest and enthusiasm.
 Lack of confidence and poise, nervousness.
 Over-emphasis on money.
 Unwilling to start at the bottom; expects too much too soon.
 Makes excuses, is evasive, and harps on trouble areas.
 Not enough examples for questions.
 Lack of maturity.
 Lack of courtesy.
 No interest or knowledge in the company or industry.
 Intolerant; strong prejudices.
 Lack of appreciation of the value of experience.
 Late to interview without good reason.
 Never heard of the company.
 Failure to express appreciation for interviewer’s time.
 Ask no questions about the job.
 Moaning about previous employers or co-workers.

Do’s of an interview

 Do make sure that you dress the part for the job, the company, the industry. Rather, be conservative with your
 Dress code: remember you are not meeting your friends for a night out.
 Do plan to arrive about 10 minutes early. Late arrival for a job interview is never excusable. If you are running late, do phone the company.
 Do shake hands firmly. Don't have a limp or clammy handshake!
 Do make good eye contact with your interviewer(s).
 Do greet the receptionist or assistant with courtesy and respect. This is where you make your first impression.
 Do avoid using poor language, slang, and pause words (such as "like," "uh," and "um").
 Do ask intelligent questions about the job, company, or industry. Don't ever not ask any questions --it shows a lack of interest.
 Do send a thank you to the interviewer afterward.
Do remain positive. This is not to say that everything you say should be wonderful and inspiring. When you are asked about a weakness, highlight the positive benefits of learning and overcoming your weaknesses.
 Do show enthusiasm. Showing enthusiasm is one of the most natural ways to get someone to like you.
 Do listen. It is easier to answer clearly and effectively if you listen well.
 Do go alone. Never arrive with friends, children, etc. You will look disorganized or lacking in confidence.

Don’ts of an interview

 Don't chew gum.
 Don't tell jokes.
 Don't smoke, even if the interviewer does and offers you a cigarette. And don't smoke beforehand so that you smell like smoke.
 Don't be soft-spoken. A confident voice projects confidence.
 Don't ever say anything negative about former colleagues, supervisors, or employers.
 Don't lie. Answer questions truthfully and frankly.
 Don't answer questions with a simple "yes" or "no." Explain whenever possible. Describe those things about
 Yourself those showcase your talents, skills, and determination. Give specific examples.
 Don't answer mobile calls during the interview. Turn the phone off before your interview or leave it in your car.



(Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University CODE-810)

Approved by AICTE, Ministry of HRD, Government of India and affiliated to Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Uttar Pradesh, 

The extent of success a person may achieve will strongly depend on his /her personality. 
Personality in simple terms is the behaviors, attitude or thoughts that an individual 
may undergo. It may also include the personality trait which keeps the individual unique 
when compared to others. The formation of the personality of an individual is something 
which happens from childhood itself. The individuals must be exposed to positive 
changes which in a way have impact on their behavior. 

In the present scenario, where in the specialized training is provided in every areas for 
development, personality development is also an area where in the individuals are given 
development courses to enhance the important personality traits or characteristics on 
a whole. Moreover, it also helps to bring up positive changes for the candidates with 
respect to their communication skills, personality, behavior and thought etc. Personality 
development courses may help the individuals to improve in all the dominant areas 
where in they are lagging behind. 

Infact, Modern corporate world revolves round packaged personalities in this era of 
packaging. Even the quality products with bad packaging disappear from the market fast.
packaged personality contains charming appearance, good dress sense, confident look, fine 
style of speaking, informative conversation etc. A packaged personality is your strongest 
winning edge in career-building. 
Everyone is influenced by an attractive personality. And without influencing others you can’t 
get success in today’s competitive world. Therefore the importance of personality development has risen very much. 

Some years ago parents rarely gave any importance to personality development of their 
children. Emphasis was given only on physical appearance and expertise in work. But 
now the time has changed. It is an age of competition and economic revolution. 
Although opportunities of progress are everywhere yet a student has to work very hard 
to climb the stairs of a brilliant career. The person having a good personality can move 
through the difficulties with more confidence. 

Many people still think that personality is related to physical appearance of a person. If a 
person is well-built and wearing a good dress it is said that he/she is having a good 
personality. But it is not a rational approach. In case the inner personality of a person is 
weak he/she will lose impact as soon as he/she speaks or behaves. Such a person fails to 
create a lasting impression on others. Rising in career graph becomes a very difficult 
task. Therefore both inner and outer personality of a person should be strengthened.

Monday, 28 November 2016


(Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University CODE-810)

Approved by AICTE, Ministry of HRD, Government of India and affiliated to Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Uttar Pradesh, 

Body language refers to the nonverbal signals that we use to communicate. According to experts,
these nonverbal signals make up a huge part of daily communication. From our facial expressions to
our body movements, the things we don't say can still convey volumes of information.
When we interact with others, we continuously give and receive wordless signals. All of our
nonverbal behaviors—the gestures we make, the way we sit, how fast or how loud we talk, how
close we stand, how much eye contact we make—send strong messages. These messages don't
stop when you stop speaking either. Even when you're silent, you're still communicating
non verbally.
Oftentimes, what comes out of our mouths and what we communicate through our body language
are two totally different things. When faced with these mixed signals, the listener has to choose
whether to believe your verbal or nonverbal message, and, in most cases, they're going to choose
the nonverbal because it's a natural, unconscious language that broadcasts our true feelings and intentions in any given moment.

Some Ways to Improve Your Body Language

There is no specific advice on how to use your body language. What you do might be interpreted in several ways, depending on the setting and who you are talking to. You’ll probably want to use your body language differently when talking to your boss compared to when you talk to a girl/guy you’re interested in. These are some common interpretations of body language and often more effective ways to communicate with your body.
First, to change your body language you must be aware of your body language. Notice how you sit, how you stand, how you use you hands and legs, what you do while talking to someone.
In the beginning easy it’s to exaggerate your body language. You might sit with your legs almost ridiculously far apart or sit up straight in a tense pose all the time. That’s ok. And people aren’t looking as much as you think, they are worrying about their own problems. Just play around a bit, practice and monitor yourself to find a comfortable balance.

1.Don’t cross your arms or legs – You have probably already heard you shouldn’t cross your arms as it might make you seem defensive or guarded. This goes for your legs too. Keep your arms and legs open.

2. Have eye contact, but don’t stare – If there are several people you are talking to, give them all some eye contact to create a better connection and see if they are listening. Keeping too much eye-contact might creep people out. Giving no eye-contact might make you seem insecure. If you are not used to keeping eye-contact it might feel a little hard or scary in the beginning but keep working on it and you’ll get used to it.

3. Don’t be afraid to take up some space – Taking up space by for example sitting or standing with your legs apart a bit signals self-confidence and that you are comfortable in your own skin.

4.Relax your shoulders – When you feel tense it’s easily winds up as tension in your shoulders. They might move up and forward a bit. Try to relax. Try to loosen up by shaking the shoulders a bit and move them back slightly.

5. Nod when they are talking – nod once in a while to signal that you are listening. But don’t overdo it and peck like Woody Woodpecker.

6. Don’t slouch, sit up straight – but in a relaxed way, not in a too tense manner.

7. Lean, but not too much – If you want to show that you are interested in what someone is saying, lean toward the person talking. If you want to show that you’re confident in yourself and relaxed lean back a bit. But don’t lean in too much or you might seem needy and desperate for some approval. Or lean back too much or you might seem arrogant and distant.

8. Smile and laugh – lighten up, don’t take yourself too seriously. Relax a bit, smile and laugh when someone says something funny. People will be a lot more inclined to listen to you if you seem to be a positive person. But don’t be the first to laugh at your own jokes, it makes you seem nervous and needy. Smile when you are introduced to someone but don’t keep a smile plastered on your face, you’ll seem insincere.

9.Don’t touch your face – it might make you seem nervous and can be distracting for the listeners or the people in the conversation.

10. Keep your head up – Don’t keep your eyes on the ground, it might make you seem insecure and a bit lost. Keep your head up straight and your eyes towards the horizon.

11.Slow down a bit – this goes for many things. Walking slower not only makes you seem more calm and confident, it will also make you feel less stressed. If someone addresses you, don’t snap your neck in their direction, turn it a bit more slowly instead.

12. Don’t fidget and try to avoid, phase out or transform fidgety movement and nervous ticks such as shaking your leg or tapping your fingers against the table rapidly. You’ll seem nervous and fidgeting can be a distracting when you try to get something across. Declutter your movements if you are all over the place. Try to relax, slow down and focus your movements.

13. Use your hands more confidently instead of fidgeting with your hands and scratching your face use them to communicate what you are trying to say. Use your hands to describe something or to add weight to a point you are trying to make. But don’t use them to much or it might become distracting. And don’t let your hands flail around, use them with some control. .

14. Realise where you spine ends – many people (including me until recently) might sit or stand with a straight back in a good posture. However, they might think that the spine ends where the neck begins and therefore crane the neck forward in a Montgomery Burns-pose. Your spine ends in the back of your head. Keep you whole spine straight and aligned for better posture.

15. Don’t stand too close –one of the things we learned from Seinfeld is that everybody gets weirded out by a close-talker. Let people have their personal space, don’t invade it.

16. Mirror – Often when you get along with a person, when the two of you get a good connection, you will start to mirror each other unconsciously. That means that you mirror the other person’s body language a bit. To make the connection better you can try a bit of proactive mirroring. If he leans forward, you might lean forward. If she holds her hands on her thighs, you might do the same. But don’t react instantly and don’t mirror every change in body language. Then weirdness will ensue

17. Keep a good attitude – last but not least, keep a positive, open and relaxed attitude. How you feel will come through in your body language and can make a major difference.

How to Prepare For Group Discussion

Firstly let us understand what the Group Discussion is and why it is an important part of any admission to an institute or recruitment process of any organization.    

As the name suggests the Group Discussion is a formal discussion amongst group members. Referring it to the admission process of an institute, the concept of Group Discussion was incorporated in the admission process a couple of years back because it was felt that the students in an institute selected through personal interaction without group discussion lacked some critical soft skills like interpersonal and behavioral skills. Lack of these skills reflected badly on learning of the students as learning is a collective academic endeavor which needs team work for excellence in their studies. So institutes thought to introduce group discussion in their drives to gauge group dynamic behavior of the prospective candidates which could be a tangible parameter to assess their personality traits. Since, it has not been a part of the regular academic curriculum in schools and colleges therefore students usually face a lot of problem in this area of the Selection Process.

Let us first understand the finer details of why Group Discussion is conducted.

Most institutes today are very clear about the skills and knowledge that they look for in a student while screening. That is why, Group Discussion has been a part of the Selection process for admission into most of the Business Schools.

The personality traits and skills that are usually being looked for in a Group Discussion are: Communication Skills Interpersonal Skills, Leadership Skills, Motivational Skills, Team Building Skills,Tolerance, Listening skills, Presentation Skills, Analytically, Logical skills, creativity/out-of-the-box thinking. So, it's very important to assess your current strengths in all these areas and accordingly put-in efforts to overcome your shortcomings.

Besides, body language and attitude is being given focus while GD is being conducted.

Another important reason for institutes to keep GD as an elimination round and acts as a filter to prune unwanted students lacking these skills.

In nut shell, GD is basically a methodological tool used by an institution to gauge whether a candidate has certain personality traits and/or skills that it desires in its students. Normally, the group of candidates is given a topic or a situation, given a few minutes to think about the same, and then asked to discuss it among themselves for some time. Topics can be from a wide range of issues. It could be a topic on current events, business news, sports or anything very general. The wider your reading interests, the better prepared you will be to face the group discussion.

A Group discussion tests how you function as a part of a team. Greater Noida College of Technology sharing some tips for effective participation in a GD or how to prepare in a GD:

Understand - Understand the topic before attempting to contribute. Jot down all necessary details in bullet form on a piece of paper

Initiate - Take the initiative to begin the discussion, if possible, as it will give you bonus marks.

Structure/organize - Structure or organize the data or arguments logically - justify your stand with suitable and verifiable data.

Act as a leader – if the topic digresses from the main track, try to bring back the   discussion.

Act as a motivator – Try bringing all participants on board to discuss the topic but after you put your views across the group.

Assert- Be assertive not aggressive.

Articulate- Work continuously towards articulating your ideas into meaningful sentences to make the best impact. Be clear in your speech.

Use Body language - Use non-verbal communication to emphasize points as it will give more weight age to your ideas.

Listen- Be an attentive listener also so that you can collect relevant data to summarize.

Quality, not quantity matters- it's not 'how much' you say, but 'what' you say that's important.

Speech clarity – your words should be clear and loud with confidence.

To prepare for a group discussion, keep track of latest happenings and current affairs round the world. Being aware of current affairs, issues and happenings reflect our inquisitiveness to learn and know about the world we are living in. Make a habit of reading newspapers and magazines, watch interesting documentaries and profiles on television to get a wider perspective on issues.

As an individual, your intelligence, general knowledge and core competencies are measured through the aptitude test. As a team player, your ability to lead and play in team is measured in the GD.